Mahadev Satyanarayanan (Satya)

Mahadev Satyanarayanan

Carnegie Group Professor of Computer Science

Office: 9123 Gates & Hillman Centers

Email: satya@cs.cmu.edu

My research focuses on the challenges of performance, scalability, availability and trust in information systems that reach from the cloud to the mobile edge of the Internet. In the course of this work, my work has spanned the topics of distributed systems, mobile computing, pervasive computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT). My 2009 publication “The Case for VM-based Cloudlets in Mobile Computing” has inspired many technical efforts worldwide at the intersection of mobile computing and cloud computing, and has led to the emergence of Edge Computing (also known as "Fog Computing").   

See my bio (http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~satya/bio.html) and publications (http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~satya/satya_papers.html) for examples of my past research and impact.  

Here are the things that I am working on currently:

  • Cloudlet-based Edge Computing: A cloudlet is a new architectural element that arises from the convergence of mobile computing and cloud computing.  It represents the middle tier of a 3-tier hierarchy: mobile device —> cloudlet —> cloud. A cloudlet can be viewed as a "data center in a box" whose goal is to "bring the cloud closer". Our work on cloudlets is key to the mergence of Edge Computing. This is a new paradigm in which substantial compute and storage resources are placed at the edge of the Internet, in close proximity to mobile devices or sensors. In the Elijah project (http://elijah.cs.cmu.edu), my students and I are working on the design, implementation and evaluation of cloudlet software and cloudlet-based applications that can leverage the latency and bandwidth benefits of cloudlets.
  • Wearable Cognitive Assistance: Cloudlets are a disruptive force because they bring energy-rich high-end computing within one wireless hop of mobile devices, thereby enabling new applications that are both compute-intensive and latency-sensitive. A prime example of this new genre of applications is wearable cognitive assistance, which combines a device like Google Glass with cloudlet-based processing to guide you through a complex task. As with a GPS navigation system, you hear a synthesized voice telling you what to do next and you see visual cues in the Glass display. When you make an error, the system catches it immediately and corrects you before the error cascades. This futuristic genre of applications is characterized as “astonishingly transformative” by the report of the 2013 NSF Workshop on Future Directions in Wireless Networking. In collaboration with Dan Siewiorek, Martial Hebert, and Bobby Klatzky, my students and I are exploring this exciting new world.   Some YouTube videos of the applications we have built can be found at: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLmrZVvFtthdP3fwHPy_4d61oDvQY_RBgS
  • Cloudlet-based Privacy in IoT: The Internet of Things (IoT) is facing growing pushback from users as public awareness of privacy risks grows. Over-centralization of IoT systems is a key obstacle to their growth: there is growing reluctance to expose raw sensor data to a cloud-based IoT entity. We are exploring an approach in which cloudlets serve as a "privacy firewall",  with a plug-in architecture in which trusted  software modules called "privacy mediators" are inserted into the data distribution pipeline. A privacy mediator performs data redaction and privacy policy enforcement before data is released from the user’s direct control.  For example, we have demonstrated a privacy mediator embodying face recognition that selectively blur faces in a video stream in real time, guided by a privacy policy specification.